Bone Graft Wisdom Teeth: Guide to Oral Health

wisdom-teeth-xray
wisdom-teeth-xray

Many patients who have their wisdom teeth removed may require a bone graft. When wisdom teeth are removed, the jaw may occasionally lose bone, necessitating a bone graft procedure to ensure proper healing and long-term oral health. We will go into great detail about bone graft wisdom teeth in this article, giving you all the knowledge you require to comprehend the procedure, its advantages, and potential drawbacks.

WHY YOU MIGHT NEED A BONE GRAFT AFTER WISDOM TEETH REMOVAL

The majority of patients do not require bone grafting after having their wisdom teeth removed, but it is not always ruled out. After a wisdom tooth is removed, grafting may be advised for some patients as a necessary step.

Due to the wisdom tooth’s close proximity to the second molar, this procedure may be required when there has been significant bone loss. Additionally, if an infection, gum disease, or cyst results in significant bone loss after wisdom tooth removal, a dentist might occasionally advise grafting.

Bone grafting, fortunately, is a relatively simple and painless procedure that takes only a short amount of time to heal.

WHAT IS A BONE GRAFT?

A small piece of bone material is transplanted onto a diseased part through the process of bone grafting in order to provide support and promote bone healing. Grafting used to be a time-consuming, difficult procedure that could only be carried out in an operating room. Bone grafting, however, is now so easily performed at the surgeon’s office during an appointment thanks to improved processes and better dentistry technology.

Grafting is frequently done in conjunction with or after tooth extraction. After removing the tooth, the oral surgeon will carve out a piece of bone and insert it into the empty socket before closing it so the jawbone can ‘take’ the implant.

In a short while, the newly transplanted bone will start the integration process.

 bone graft wisdom teeth
bone graft wisdom teeth

WHY IS BONE GRAFTING OFTEN UNNECESSARY AFTER WISDOM TOOTH REMOVAL?

By giving bone-depleted areas of the jaw a solid foundation, bone grafting primarily aims to improve the health of the jawbone. Patients with strong jawbones and healthy jaws may not require grafting.

If the bone areas surrounding the extracted tooth are solid and stable, grafting may not be necessary. Patients with healthy jawbones who do not plan to replace their extracted wisdom teeth with dental implants may not require grafting.

The Benefits of Bone Grafting

  • Maintains Jaw Structure: A bone graft aids in maintaining the strength of the jawbone, which prevents the surrounding teeth from shifting or collapsing.
  • Facilitates Dental Implants: A bone graft is frequently required to establish a stable foundation for dental implants if you intend to get them in the future.
  • Reduces the Risk of Complications: A bone graft significantly lowers the risk of post-extraction complications like infection and dry socket by encouraging proper healing.

The Bone Graft Procedure

The bone graft wisdom teeth procedure typically involves the following steps:

  1. Wisdom tooth extraction: The wisdom teeth must be removed in order to perform the bone graft. Normally, either local or general anesthesia is used for this
  2. Making the Grafting Material Ready: You can use your own bone (autograft), a bone from a donor (allograft), or synthetic materials (alloplastic) as the grafting material. The selected substance is processed to make sure it is sterile and appropriate for transplantation.
  3. Placing the Bone Graft: The grafting material is delicately inserted into the empty socket left by the wisdom tooth extraction. If necessary, a shielding membrane is placed over it and stitches are used to keep it in place.
  4. Healing and New Bone Growth: The grafting material acts as a scaffold for new bone cells to develop over time, eventually replacing the graft and fusing with the jawbone.

Potential Complications and Risks

While bone graft wisdom teeth procedures are generally safe, there are potential complications and risks that you should be aware of. These include:

  1. Infection: There is a risk of infection with any surgical procedure. This risk can be reduced by using good oral hygiene techniques and taking prescribed antibiotics.
  2. Failure due to Rejection: In a small percentage of cases, the body may reject the bone graft, causing the procedure to fail. The need for additional care or revision surgery may result from this.
  3. Nerve Damage: There is a slight possibility of nerve damage during the bone graft procedure due to the jaw’s close proximity to the nerves. However, this risk is very low if you use a qualified oral surgeon.

WHEN WOULD YOU NEED BONE GRAFTING AFTER WISDOM TOOTH REMOVAL?

  • when bone loss is a result of gum disease. This frequently occurs with impacted wisdom teeth and may also harm second molars.
  • when a cyst develops on the jaw and breaks down the surrounding bone. Before inserting the bone graft, the surgeon must first remove the cyst after removing the wisdom tooth.
  • when the wisdom tooth’s crown is too close to the roots of the teeth next to it, severely damaging the bone. In this instance, gum tissue inflammation and chronic pocketing are both prevented by grafting.

SHOULD YOU BE WORRIED ABOUT BONE GRAFTING AFTER WISDOM TOOTH REMOVAL?

A patient who is getting their wisdom teeth removed or has already had them removed may find the definition of bone grafting to be frightening. However, in practice, the procedure is barely intrusive, quick to finish, and heals in just a few months.

It might not be necessary to remove a bone from another area of the jaw for bone grafting. Nowadays, oral surgeons perform bone grafts using harvested bovine tissue, synthetic bone grafts, or a bone from a tissue bank.

You also don’t need to be concerned about the discomfort or how long it will take you to fully recover from the bone graft procedure. Most patients won’t experience much pain after the initial discomfort of the recovery

CARE AND HEALING DURING BONE GRAFT RECOVERY

The oral surgeon will insert the bone graft inside the open space where the wisdom tooth was if you require one following wisdom tooth removal. The jawbone area won’t be exposed to the elements because the area will be covered by gingiva.

This indicates that as long as you take good care of the graft area and follow the dentist’s instructions, you are unlikely to experience irritation or pain.

You must keep the area where the tooth was extracted or the bone was grafted clean and safe from harm. To prevent secondary infections or unintentional disruption of the graft healing process, this is crucial.

The following are some post-bone grafting instructions that you might need to follow:

  • For at least a few days, refrain from chewing with or grinding your teeth on the side where your wisdom tooth was removed.
  • For the first few days following bone grafting, only consume soft foods.
  • After the procedure, gently rinse your mouth several times a day with warm salt water. This will significantly reduce swelling and infections brought on by food leftovers, as well as pain and discomfort.
  • Follow the surgeon’s instructions when taking anti-inflammatory medication.
  • Schedule post-surgery appointments to track the recovery and guarantee proper graft bone integration.

If the issue is not resolved right away after wisdom tooth extraction, jawbone loss and interference from the wisdom tooth with the neighboring jawbone could become serious issues. Failure to address this issue could result in less bone remaining to support the remaining teeth. Sometimes, jawbone thinning can result in a change in facial profiles.

Do you believe that a bone graft is necessary for you, or someone you care about? Make an appointment with North Shore Smile Surgery right away to learn more about your best options.

FAQs about Bone Graft Wisdom Teeth

Can I eat normally after a bone graft wisdom teeth procedure?

You can indeed eat normally after having your wisdom teeth bone grafted. To prevent putting too much pressure on the graft site, it is advised to limit your diet to soft or liquid items for the first few days.

2. How long does it take for the bone graft to heal completely?

A bone graft’s healing process can differ from person to person. The graft typically requires several months to fully integrate with the jawbone and for complete healing to take place.

3. Will I experience any pain during or after the procedure?

You won’t experience any pain because you’ll be asleep during the bone graft procedure. You might feel a little uncomfortable following the procedure, but pain medication can help.

4. Are there any restrictions or precautions I should follow after a bone graft?

You will receive detailed post-procedure instructions from your oral surgeon. It’s important to refrain from doing things that might impede healing, such as smoking, using a straw to drink, and eating foods that are too crunchy or hard.

5. Can I undergo a bone graft wisdom teeth procedure if I have existing health conditions?

The majority of the time, people with well-managed medical conditions can have their wisdom teeth bone graft procedure. However, it’s crucial to let your oral surgeon know about any existing medical issues or prescription drugs you’re taking.

6. How much does a bone graft wisdom teeth procedure cost?

The complexity of the case, the type of grafting material used, and your location can all affect how much a bone graft for a wisdom teeth procedure will cost. For a precise estimate, it is best to consult with your oral surgeon.